Rehabilitation Therapy is one of the fastest-growing sectors in the health care industry. It offers services to individuals and families with disabilities or other life challenges. The three main categories of rehabilitation therapy are physical, occupational, and speech. Each type of rehabilitation serves a very different purpose in helping an individual achieve full recovery, but each shares the end goal of enabling the patient to return to a normal and active life. These methods all have identifiable characteristics that provide the patient with an improved quality of life.
Physical rehabilitation therapy (PT) involves the development of motor skills in order to improve function and health. Some common physical skills included walking, physiotherapy and occupational therapy. Occupational therapy addresses activities of daily living (ADL) and work-related problems. Some of the tasks may include using crutches, reading, cooking and maintaining personal hygiene.
Physical rehabilitation therapy also provides services to individuals who are experiencing serious illness or injury. Some common illnesses or conditions treated by physical therapists include diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, osteoporosis, strokes, cerebral palsy and spinal cord injuries. Rehabilitation treatments may include massage, ultrasound, laser and electrical stimulation, traction, hot packs/cold compresses and manual therapies.
Speech therapy is another branch of rehabilitation therapy that assists patients with communication disorders such as dyslexia and Alzheimer’s disease. Rehabilitation speech therapy helps patients relearn to speak and use basic language skills. Some common problems associated with this condition include dementia, fluency, and Parkinson’s disease.
Occupational therapists focus on health and wellness. They may need to help patients with physical limitations caused by injury or disease. Rehabilitation can be used to improve patients’ daily living skills, such as performing daily activities of daily living such as bathing, eating, dressing and using the toilet. Other conditions treated by occupational therapists include muscular weakness, muscle spasms, psychological impairments, limited ability to perform activities of daily living and work-related difficulties.
Rehabilitation also can be used to help those with a stroke regain strength following a stroke. A stroke is a life-altering condition that can drastically affect the victim’s ability to perform daily functions and tasks. Rehabilitation centers offer a variety of programs to help stroke patients regain strength and function. Rehabilitation therapy may even be necessary for some patients who have been discharged from a hospital or nursing home and cannot perform other rehabilitation exercises due to various physical conditions.
There are a variety of rehabilitation treatment strategies available. These include physical therapy, occupational therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and psychotherapy. Physical therapy is designed to return strength to the body and brain through a variety of methods. Occupational therapy helps patients with recovering their occupational skills.
If you or a loved one have suffered a neurological injury that has resulted in limitation of movement, you should consider Neurorehabilitation. This field combines medicine and physiotherapy to achieve optimal results. Many people suffer from post-surgical rehabilitation due to traumatic brain injury (TBI). TBI can cause long term effects such as paralysis, loss of movement, depression, anxiety and emotional dysfunction. Neurorehabilitation aims to alleviate these symptoms, allowing patients to resume full participation in society.